In 2018, Moldova fulfilled only 48.8% of the National Action Plan provisions for the implementation of the Moldova-EU Association Agreement, and in general, only 31.8% of the plan was implemented
Such conclusions are contained in the IV alternative report on the implementation by the Moldovan authorities of the Association Agreement with the EU, prepared by the Institute for European Policies and Reforms. The report says that in 2018, out of 877 activities, 465 were implemented; another 348 are in the implementation stage. At the same time, 140 measures were not implemented or were not initiated at all. Accordingly, by the end of 2019, the authorities need to significantly intensify their efforts to implement the 969 measures (2/3 of the measures provided for by the National Action Plan for the implementation of the Association Agreement between Moldova and the EU). Experts analyzed the 5 chapters of the Association Agreement and found little progress in fulfilling commitments in the second half of the year compared to the first half of 2018. Thus, there is no progress in the area of political dialogue and reforms (Section II) and cooperation in financial assistance with the EU (Section VI) - mainly due to the slowing down of the dialogue between the EU and Moldova and the suspension of aid. Most of the results are aimed at industry and economic cooperation with the EU (Section IV), especially in the field of public finance management, in the financial and banking sector, in transport and energy. Moderate progress has been made in the implementation of the DCFTA (Section V). Among the main achievements, experts note an increase in the share of Moldovan exports to the EU countries - up to 68.8% at the end of 2018. Compared with the previous period, there have been some improvements in the field of migration and refugees, border management (under section III), but there is no progress in ensuring independence of justice. “In 2019 there will be 5 years since Moldova started implementing the Association Agreement; and we have the last year to implement the agenda for 2017–2019, and depending on the content, speed and quality of implementation, we will be able to determine the structure of the next agenda. In addition, in 2019 there are 10 years since Moldova started implementing Eastern Partnership, and an important part of the Association Agreement is the dialogue with the EU and the Eastern Cooperation member states. We must determine in which areas we can make more effort. This year, the word “implementation” will be given special attention, and we are trying to consolidate the institutional capacity to achieve all the goals,” said Daniela Morari, State Secretary for European Integration within the MFAEI, during the report submission. At the same time, the executive director of IPRE, Iulian Groza, noted that in the near future, the authorities should determine the priorities of their internal reform program, including resuming dialogue with the EU after the formation of a new government. According to him, this process should also include an enhanced dialogue, including with the participation of the civil society and the political opposition. According to IPRE experts, priorities should be aimed, in particular, at the start of genuine reform of the justice system, strengthening independence and integrity in the justice system. It is also necessary to ensure that the political conditions for the functioning of democracy and the rule of law are respected in order to renew macro-financial assistance and budget support by the EU. The new parliament should immediately adopt a law on non-profit organizations in a version approved by the government last year. It is necessary to promote the reform of the Constitutional Court. It is also necessary to ensure the work of the Human Rights Council for the implementation of the National Human Rights Plan, to create anti-corruption courts. Among the priorities are the strengthening of the Agency’s ability to return misappropriated assets in conducting parallel financial investigations and the recovery of goods stolen fraudulently in bank frauds; amendment of legislation on certificates of integrity. // 12.03.2019 - InfoMarket.