The government approved a new Land Code, according to which only Moldovan citizens can buy and sell agricultural land and forests in the country.
The document stipulates that, thus, foreign citizens and stateless persons will not be able to buy these lands, and if they become their owners by inheritance, they will be forced to sell them within a year. The new Land Code approved by the government regulates relations between landowners and state institutions, and also provides for the responsibility of owners who will be required to register land ownership in the Real Estate Register, as well as take measures to protect the soil. The Code also includes a new classification of land depending on its purpose. Thus, land is classified as: agricultural land, special purpose, land from the forest fund, water fund, land for construction and improvement, land intended for environmental protection, having historical and cultural importance, etc. Control over the use and protection of public and private lands will be transferred to local authorities. Thus, representatives of local authorities will check the land to identify violations in their content, prevent soil degradation. To solve the problems of abandoned or uncultivated land, the new code provides for the possibility of their transfer to the local authorities for a period of at least 5 years. The contract may be concluded with the owners who have not cultivated agricultural land for more than two years in a row. In this case, the municipality will open a special account, to which will be received 70% of the rental fee to the owner, and the remaining 30% will remain to cover administrative expenses. The owner will be able to return to cultivating the land at any time on the basis of a written statement addressed to the local authorities. Another innovation of the Land Code is the use of an automated information system for storing land data. Information in the system will be updated within 30 days after the decision is made to change the purpose of the land or the procedure for its use. Currently, such information is collected by local authorities on paper and submitted annually to the Agency for Land Relations and Cadastre.//14.11.2018 - InfoMarket.