As a result of the support offered by the USA, Moldova is actively introducing the cultivation of table grapes using the Pergola system, which helps to increase crop yields by 4 times.
In particular, the Pergola system allowed one domestic producer of table crops to receive about 40 tons of products per hectare in a season with optimal weather conditions, which is 4 times the yields that farmers collect from traditional vineyards. The entrepreneur tested the cultivation of grapes using the Pergola system, thanks to a grant provided to him within the framework of the ARM / USAID “Developed Agriculture of Moldova” Project. In the autumn of this year, Daion Service intends to expand the area of the Pergola vineyards by another 6 hectares. As the director of Daion Service, Ivan Vieri, said, the company he headed began to practice the Pergola system in a 12-hectare vineyard without having special knowledge that would allow to fully appreciate all the advantages of this technology. But within the framework of the ARM / USAID project, the agricultural producer was given the opportunity to consult with local and Italian specialists, thanks to which he plans to plant a new vineyard according to all the rules of the Pergola system and in the future to get maximum yields of the best quality products. The producer is also confident of the need to continue to invest in the modernization of the vineyards by installing anti-hail and rain-resistant systems to avoid damage to the crop as well as reducing of its quality, as happened in the current year. The Pergola system also helps farmers by halving the need for labor in the process of caring for vineyards. Farmers seeking to adapt their vineyards to this system are urged to pay attention to the recommendation to plant varieties resistant to frosts and equip them with irrigation systems. The USAID / USAID project specialist Andrei Botezatu helped the Table Grape Association to promote the Pergola and Gable systems as subsidized technologies, and the government approved this area of subsidies. Financial assistance from the government will motivate an increasing number of farmers to use Pergola / Tendone and Gable to produce high-quality and competitive grapes for export markets. AWP / USAID experts say that the Pergola and Gable systems increase the yields of table grapes fourfold and guarantee high quality. These technologies also make it possible to increase the efficiency of agricultural work, including phytosanitary treatments during the growing season. These systems for the production of table grapes are widely used in Italy, Spain, Chile and the United States. Currently, table grape producers in Moldova use exclusively the “Vertical trellis” vineyard formation system adopted in the Soviet period. In a situation where there are many difficulties with the implementation of Moldovan grapes on foreign markets, farmers need to produce grapes with large berries of the same shape. In this context, the AWP / USAID project provides grants to producers of table grapes in the amount of about $ 160 thousand for testing and adapting the Pergola and Gable systems to local conditions. Over the past 15 years, the area of new plantations of grapes of table varieties is constantly growing. In recent years, about 45-55% of all new vineyards established in Moldova are table varieties. The agricultural census conducted in 2011 showed that at that time in the country were operating about 15 thousand grape producers, table varieties were grown on an area of 12.6 thousand hectares. In 2017, the total export of table grapes to the EU amounted to 18.5 thousand tons (in 2013, only 2 thousand tons). The project "Developed Agriculture of Moldova" ARM / USAID offers in the period 2016-2021 assistance to agricultural producers in improving the competitiveness of domestic agricultural products and increasing its sales in local and foreign markets. //05.10.2018 — InfoMarket.